# Unified Physics Volume 4

In the first place, the second law of thermodynamics, also known as the law of entropy, is refuted, while its mathematical derivations are obtained from the Universal Law and explained by its theory. Note that, technically, the visual representation shown here is actually a two-dimensional image of the three-dimensional shadow of the four-dimensional wireframe figure. Similarly, objects in the fourth dimension can be mathematically projected to the familiar three dimensions, where they can be more conveniently examined. Knowing this is key to understanding how to interpret a three-dimensional projection of the tesseract. Just as the nearest vertex of the cube is the one where the three faces meet, so the nearest edge of the tesseract is the one in the center of the projection volume, where the three cells meet.

## Four-dimensional space

Going the other way, one may infer that light shone on a four-dimensional object in a four-dimensional world would cast a three-dimensional shadow. The Cartesian product of two circles may be taken to obtain a duocylinder. The tesseract is rotating in four-dimensional space, and it is displayed here projected into two dimensions. This separation was less clear in the popular imagination, with works of fiction and philosophy blurring the distinction, so in H. The photon level has the same properties as matter, i.

Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. Artists often use perspective to give an illusion of three-dimensional depth to two-dimensional pictures. Reasoning by analogy from familiar lower dimensions can be an excellent intuitive guide, but care must be exercised not to accept results that are not more rigorously tested.

By applying dimensional analogy, one can infer that a four-dimensional being would be capable of similar feats from our three-dimensional perspective. Knotted Surfaces and Their Diagrams. The boundaries of the tesseract project to volumes in the image, not merely two-dimensional surfaces. The cross product is not defined in four dimensions.

Dimensional analogy also helps in inferring basic properties of objects in higher dimensions. In fact, this idea, so attractively developed by H.

The task was challenging, but not impossible. At the same time it disproves some fundamental concepts that have not been really challenged by any scientist until now. The very listing of these numerous laws, according to which physical nature was believed to operate as an ordered whole, had an exasperating impact on my intellectual efforts. The study of Minkowski space required new mathematics quite different from that of four-dimensional Euclidean space, and so developed along quite different lines.

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. If this principle was valid for such a complicated energetic system as the biological organism, it should also hold in inorganic matter. Geometric space with four dimensions.

If the wireframe of a cube is lit from above, the resulting shadow on a flat two-dimensional surface is a square within a square with the corresponding corners connected. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

The new axiomatic approach made it possible for me to develop within a short period of time a unified theory of physics. Higher dimensional spaces have since become one of the foundations for formally expressing modern mathematics and physics. This is a completely new didactic and ontological approach in science and physics. This is one of the major achievements of the new Physical Theory of the Universal Law as presented in this volume.

Its validity was presented as the crowning result of an extensive empirical and introspective research effort. Das Universalgesetz im Spiegelbild der Philosophie. Large parts of these topics could not exist in their current forms without the use of such spaces.

To understand the nature of four-dimensional space, a device called dimensional analogy is commonly employed. These constants build a numerical input- output model of the universe. In the same way, perspective projection from four dimensions produces similar foreshortening effects. Until now nobody has been able to reject the existence of the Universal Law and it is unlikely that this will happen in the foreseeable future.

Selected writings of Charles H. The dot product of Euclidean three-dimensional space generalizes to four dimensions as. Mathematically four-dimensional space is simply a space with four spatial dimensions, that is a space that needs four parameters to specify a point in it. Probability set and continuum are mathematical concepts of space-time. The image on the left is a cube viewed face-on.

How to calculate the mass of neutrinos? In three dimensions, a circle may be extruded to form a cylinder. The image on the left shows the same cube viewed edge-on. Therefore, it is accurate to say that the physical theory in this volume is the new Science of Ascension. The cube's vertex-first projection has three tetragons surrounding a vertex, but the tesseract's vertex-first projection has four hexahedral volumes surrounding a vertex. The Klein bottle is an example of such a knotted surface. This can be seen in the accompanying animation, asme tdp-1 2006 whenever it shows a smaller inner cube inside a larger outer cube. In some cases possible solutions are suggested.

In four dimensions, there are several different cylinder-like objects. This is a basic proof that the physical world is a unity. American Mathematical Society. Growing or shrinking R with time means expanding or collapsing universe, depending on the mass density inside.

Likewise, the nearest face of the tesseract is the one lying between the red and green cells. The perspective projection of three-dimensional objects into the retina of the eye introduces artifacts such as foreshortening, which the brain interprets as depth in the third dimension. Soon after tessarines and coquaternions were introduced as other four-dimensional algebras over R. ## The New General Theory of Science of the Universal Law

They can be used to generate rotations in four dimensions. This conviction gave me the strength to apply it to the physical world. They are obscured by the visible face. ## Four-dimensional space

This article has multiple issues. As a three-dimensional object passes through a two-dimensional plane, two-dimensional beings in this plane would only observe a cross-section of the three-dimensional object within this plane. Human Perception and Performance. My ambition was to publish this volume first in my native language in my native country.